Delhi is constantly struggling with the threat of air pollution containing harmful gases and particulate matter. In addition, pollen grains of different plant species spread in the air during early winter and spring affecting people suffering from respiratory diseases.
A digital pollen count monitor for public has been set up at Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI) at Delhi University. The monitor was inaugurated by Union Minister of Health J.P. Naddaon the occasion of 69th Foundation Day of VPCI.
Now pollen count would be displayed at the hospital and the institute website so that people who are predisposed to allergy caused by pollens can take preventive measures.
“While much effort is being made towards raising awareness on impact of pollution on health, effects of pollen on patients with respiratory problems is not being given much importance even though it affects a significant number of patients. Apart from vehicular and industrial emissions, increased pollen level in atmosphere also triggers asthma and allergic reactions. Pollen grains, fungal spores, insect debris, dust mites and animal epithelial are also responsible agents of pollution.” Says, Prof. Rajkumar, acting director of VPCI.
According to Prof. Kumar, “The pollen concentration starts increasing in the months of September, October, and November and starts declining in December.
Pollen level again aggravates during spring season. Increase in pollen count leads to increase in the number of patients suffering from respiratory problems. The digital display board at the institute will enable people with chronic allergies to be better prepared for a dusty or pollen day on the road. It will also help create awareness about pollen concentration in the air, which is one of the major reasons for repeated attacks in asthma patients.”
“Now people can check the pollen count display and take preventive measures, such as taking anti-histamines or staying indoors and minimize health risk, said Prof. Rajkumar, who is also Head of the Pulmonary Medicine Department and National Center of Allergy Asthma and Immunology at VPCI.
Pollens are fine powder that comes from the stamen of flowering plants. They can trigger allergic reactions, such as runny nose, sore throat, coughing, headaches and asthma. Pollen count can be an indispensable resource to manage symptoms related to respiratory diseases and protect lungs in such patients, experts says.
During his visit at the institute Mr. Nadda also stressed that the VPCI should help develop innovative policies to curb tuberculosis and to develop public awareness programs for prevention and treatment of chest diseases. Institute should have research work in collaboration with other institutes of reputes, added Nadda.